The Dürrnberg is a very old settlement area. Many inhabitants worked in the mine or in corresponding professions. Not less people worked their whole life in the mine. In the 17th century there were found bodies of Celts, which were conserved in the saltmine - lately a miner of the Middle age. It wasn`t seldom, that a farmer became an archiologican by ploughing his land. This obvious historical ground is a good basis for myths, legends and stories. Also reformation and counter reformation leaved their marks: The "Predigtstuhl" at the "Abtswald" marks a place of secret protestantic meetings in a papal states, which was reigned by catholic archbishops.
Petrographs at the Dürrnberg
The petrographs on the "Hexenwand" - means "Wall of the witch" - above the cemetery of the Dürrnberger Celts and close by the saltmine are less explored. As far as we know, is there no exact age determination of the petrographs, nor do we know who made them. Long ago the people of the Dürrnberg gave the rock face the name "Hexenwand". No rock face was named in that way without a reason. The people of the Dürrnberg knew the particularity of this place. At the cemetery in front of the "Hexenwand" the famous beaked jug was found and now the jug is a highlight of the Salzburger Landesmuseums Carolino Augusteum.
The "Hexenwand" itself, which is located above the cemetery, shows visible remains of petrographs - but the destroying and the natural cover of black lichen at the formerly bright limestone wall increased. You can hardly see anthropomorphe figures - this means human figures, the wheel wrench and many more [...]
The Celtic art depends on geometrical ornaments. If you visit the Celtic Museum in Hallein, you will see that the drawings of the "Hexenwand" have nothing to do with the Celtic art. The motives of the petrographs couldn`t be found on Celtic weapons, jewelry and things of daily use. [...]
Räter, Illyrer, Ligurer, Veneter - where petrographs were found - the names of pre-Roman populations appear.
from: Ebers, Edith / Wollenik, Franz: Felsbilder der Alpen. Hallein, Burgfried Verlag 1982